Sustaining a burn injury means more that just having a wound that needs treatment. A burn injury puts an extra strain on all the body's organs.

General symptoms

In the case of serious burns, fluid escapes from the circulation and ends up in the tissue between the cells. This means there is too little fluid in the blood vessels and people can go into shock.


A drip or infusion replenishes this shortage and the circulation continues to function well.


Other symptoms associated with a burn can be:

  • less appetite
  • nausea
  • rapid heartbeat
  • rapid breathing
  • fever
  • tiredness
  • poor concentration


In brief, a burn injury puts the whole body under extra strain.

Additional injuries

Many cases of burn injuries also include other damage. This usually relates to injury to the airways (inhalation damage) due to smoke, poisonous gasses or heat. These injuries can become life threatening soon after the accident and are often attended to first on admission to the burn center.


Many patients with an airway injury are immediately given artificial respiration through a tube placed into the windpipe via the mouth. This prevents a patient from suffocating and enables sufficient oxygen to be absorbed.


Due to swelling, patients who are burned in the head or neck area are also given a tube.